Insulin and Type 2 Diabetes

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Insulin

Unlike many people believe, insulin may be needed in not just cases of type 1 diabetes. People suffering from type 2 diabetes can also become insulin dependent. After 10 – 20 years of living with type 2 diabetes, some people will require insulin if their pancreas begins to shut down.

We all are beginning to learn that type 2 diabetes is becoming one of the largest healthcare crises in the world

People are even starting to call it a pandemic. There is a strong association between the disease and the obesity crisis. Easier access to unhealthy fast foods and a more inactive lifestyle is partly to blame for the rise in obesity in adults and children alike.

 

Insulin Resistance

At the start of type 2 diabetes the pancreas is still functional although it will not be operating as well as possible. This process will lead to the body building an insulin resistance which makes the body less and less able to turn glucose into energy. Too much glucose will then be left over in the blood resulting in high levels or readings.

In the beginning of type 2 diabetes the disease is generally treated with some form of diet and exercise.

Pharmaceutical Treatment

If the blood sugar levels are unable to be stabilized with this method medications may be the next course of treatment. These medicines mimic the action of insulin. The medications may work well in the beginning although over the years this treatment may lessen in which insulin will then be needed.

Aside from the injections there is a lesser known insulin treatment in the form of an inhaler called Afrezza, which is a rapidly acting inhalant, although this treatment is not available in all countries.

At the start of the insulin treatment it will most likely be one dose a day although in some cases a dose will be needed after meals as well. The number of doses of insulin will be adjusted depending on your blood sugar readings on a daily basis. It is important to always keep the insulin and blood sugar reader close by as they are vital to your health.

A medical bracelet, necklace or a medical card stating that you are an insulin dependent diabetic can be a very valuable tool to have. These identifications can help people around you if you slip into a state of hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, due to your medication, so they know how to treat your condition.

Reducing The Risk of Further Complications

Insulin, by reducing blood sugar, helps to decrease the effects of high blood sugar on your health, such as experiencing fatigue and having the need to urinate frequently.

It also reduces the risk of further complications caused by diabetes and helps the pancreas, as it does not have to work overtime to produce the insulin needed. It is vital to follow the plan and dosage rate given to you by your healthcare professional, as either too little insulin or too much can be dangerous to your health.

Research into the disease and how to treat diabetics who have an insulin dependency is ongoing, although a new device has been created that is still in clinical trials. This device is a bionic pancreas called the iLet Bionic Pancreas System which is currently being trialed in people suffering from type 1 diabetes.

However, with the rise in the number of type 2 diabetics becoming insulin dependent, it may become a universal device for the two conditions.
This device reads blood glucose levels and provides the patient with the right amount of insulin in real time. Medical breakthroughs are always being made and new research is being conducted to have a better understanding of why it is becoming an epidemic, and how best to treat it.

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